Bowl barrow 500m south east of Bury Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012318

Date first listed: 16-Dec-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Feb-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 500m south east of Bury Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Houghton Conquest

National Grid Reference: TL 05657 40394

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the bowl barrow 500m south east of Bury Farm may have been slightly denuded by an episode of ploughing, there is no evidence that the mound has ever been excavated; deposits (including burials) below the mound and the ditch fills will be substantially intact, providing evidence relating to both the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located close to the brow of a Greensand ridge. The barrow has a slight mound 18m in diameter and up to 1m high. A slight 2m wide hollow surrounding the foot of the mound indicates the location of a partially infilled ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. Although the bowl barrow may have been slightly denuded by an episode of ploughing during World War II, there is no evidence that the mound has ever been excavated. The fence at the edge of the field is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20456

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Fadden, K., Beds. 7488, (1976)
Samm, L, (1991)
Simco, A, Beds. 7488, (1982)

End of official listing