Four bowl barrows 400m south-east of Sevenbarrows House: part of the Seven Barrows cemetery


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012341

Date first listed: 21-Mar-1938

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jul-1991


Ordnance survey map of Four bowl barrows 400m south-east of Sevenbarrows House: part of the Seven Barrows cemetery
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Lambourn

National Grid Reference: SU 32813 82697


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Sevenbarrows Farm barrows are important as they survive comparatively well and, despite partial excavation of at least two of the monuments, they have potential for the recovery of archaeological remains. The significance of the site is considerably enhanced by its inclusion within the `Seven Barrows' cemetery. Barrow cemeteries give an indication of the intensity with which areas were occupied during prehistory and provide evidence for the range of beliefs and nature of social organisation during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes four bowl barrows set above the floor of a dry valley in an area of gently undulating chalk downland. The eastern barrow mound is 40m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.5m. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. A hollow in the centre of the mound suggests that it may once have been partially excavated, probably in the 19th century. The western mound is separated from the eastern barrow by a distance of some 20m. It is 45m across and 2m high. The quarry ditch surrounds the mound, surviving as an earthwork 3m wide and 0.5m deep. A hollow again suggests partial excavation of the mound. The northern mound appears to have been reduced by cultivation and survives to a diameter of 25m and is 0.5m high. A ditch surrounding the mound survives as a buried feature. Immediately south-west of the western mound is the site of a small bowl barrow c.10m wide with a ditch c.2m wide. This has been levelled although the ditch and old ground surface are believed to survive. The monument is part of a wider barrow cemetery, the core of which is situated some 130m to the north.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12237

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Case, H, 'Berkshire Archaeological Journal' in Berkshire Archaeological Journal (Volume 55), , Vol. 55, (1956), 15-31
Grinsell, L V, 'Berkshire Archaeological Journal' in Berkshire Archaeological Journal (Volume 40), , Vol. 40, (1936), 32-6
NAR (SU 38 SW 10),

End of official listing