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Lumford Mill, Bakewell

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Lumford Mill, Bakewell

List entry Number: 1012436


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ashford in the Water

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bakewell

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hassop

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Oct-1991

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12010

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The monument, comprising the water management system associated with Sir Richard Arkwright's third mill and his first designed to harness river power, survives as an almost complete and well-preserved series of earthworks and structures. The diversity of weirs, bridges, embankment and dam wall are important examples of 19th century industrial engineering. Documentation provides a full picture of Arkwright's original and modified plans for the mill, its operation and productivity.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the water management earthworks and structures associated with Sir Richard Arkwright's third mill. It was his first designed to use river water and became his most ambitious water-harnessing scheme. The surviving features comprise a submerged weir, a millstream, millpond and mill- race (all retained by an earthen embankment), a high retaining dam wall, a water outlet tunnel and a tail-race. The original lease on the site was obtained by Arkwright in 1777 who went on to build the first mill and millpond. The original millpond lay behind the mill buildings and comprised three weirs, an embankment and a new river channel. The millpond was contained behind a high dam wall which incorporated a millwheel of undershot type. By the 1820s the pond and water wheel were no longer adequate and were modified by an embankment 0.8km long with an enlarged water wheel of high-breast type. The embankments were further modified and strengthened in 1880 on the line of the original embankments. Together with the enlarged millpond, millrace, dam wall, tailrace and river bridge, the hydraulic system of post-1820 survives intact. The mill buildings were destroyed by fire and successive modern buildings now cover the original mill site. The tunnel is included in the scheduling as a subterranean feature. The ground surface which overlies it, including the car park, is excluded from the scheduling. The turbine house and its modern machinery sited at the south end of the dam wall, and the tilting sluice towards the western end of Mill Pond are also excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Mackensie, M H, 'Derbyshire Archaeol J' in The Bakewell Cotton Mill and the Arkwrights, (1959), 61-79
Thornhill, R, 'Derbyshire Archaeol J' in The Arkwright Cotton Mill at Bakewell, (1959), 80-87

National Grid Reference: SK 21041 69327


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This copy shows the entry on 22-Sep-2018 at 07:05:32.

End of official listing