Bowl barrow 1km west of Sheppard's Farm Dairy

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012439

Date first listed: 23-Mar-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Jul-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 1km west of Sheppard's Farm Dairy
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Chiseldon

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ogbourne St. George

National Grid Reference: SU 17482 76348

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Sheppard's Farm barrow is important as it survives comparatively well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains. The significance of the site is enhanced by the fact that numerous other barrow mounds and additional evidence for contemporary settlement survive in the area. These give an indication of the intensity with which the downs were occupied during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on level ground in an area of gently undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound stands to a height of 4m and is 31m in diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level a ditch, from which material was quarried during construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This has been infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 37m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12279

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing