Spurrell's Cross stone alignment and cairn.

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012460

Date first listed: 10-Oct-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Spurrell's Cross stone alignment and cairn.
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams (District Authority)

Parish: Ugborough

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 65837 59896

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone alignments, such as that at Spurrell's Cross, provide rare evidence of ceremonial or ritual practices on the Moor during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones set in a single line or in two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred metres in length. They frequently lead to burial monuments such as small cairns, cists and barrows and are therefore thought to have had a ceremonial function. The 70 or so examples known on Dartmoor were probably constructed in the late Neolithic period (around 2,500 BC). This single alignment lies close to Spurrell's Cross and runs north-west/south-east, at least fourteen stones remain unevenly spaced and aligned and with a maximum height of 0.6m. The length of the alignment, which has been truncated by the Red Lake Railway track, is 113m. The cairn at its southern end is 11m in diameter and 0.4m in height with six stones of a retaining kerb.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10555

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978), 172
Other
Devon County SMR SX65NE-008,
Devon County SMR SX65NE-008.01,

End of official listing