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Cairn on Piles Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cairn on Piles Hill

List entry Number: 1012474

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Harford

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-May-1956

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Oct-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10559

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This very large cairn on Piles Hill is a well-preserved example and occupies a prominent position on the summit of the hill; its size and form, a variant upon the Wessex Bell Barrow type, are extremely rare on the Moor. Its relationship to other large hilltop cairns, smaller cairns and stone aligments in the area, indicates the wealth of evidence relating to the ritual side of prehistoric life on this part of the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Many examples of prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor, mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500BC). To celebrate or commemorate the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in a roughly hemispherical shape over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular structure, or cist, made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and a surrounding ditch. This very large cairn, 32 m. in diameter, is situated on the summit of Piles Hill. It consists of a central mound, 1.5 m. in height, on a stone and earth platform, with a 3 m. wide berm extending beyond the circumference of the mound and a bank of stones surrounding the whole monument. It is considered to be a variant of the Wessex Bell Barrow type.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978), 140
Other
Devon County SMR SX66SE-069,

National Grid Reference: SX 65324 60833

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012474 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 06:12:24.

End of official listing