This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Moated site 100m south of Manor Farm, Plaitford

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site 100m south of Manor Farm, Plaitford

List entry Number: 1012483

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Melchet Park and Plaitford

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Aug-1990

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12060

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known in England, relatively few survive in Hampshire. This example is particularly important as it has high potential for the survival of archaeological and organic remains. The site also has surviving documentary evidence. Few moats are known from this part of the county and the monument therefore also has considerable regional importance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a sub-rectangular moated site situated 100m south of Manor Farm. The monument is orientated east-west and surrounded on all but the northern side by a moat. A ditch survives representing the northern arm, although this is poorly defined. The moat is fed by water from the River Blackwater and thus fills up when the river floods. The channel linking the moat to the river is considered to be original. The site has maximum external dimensions of 90m east-west by 80m north-south. The moat survives to a width of 7m and a depth of 0.7m enclosing an island of between 50 and 60m square. Small-scale excavations have revealed 12th/13th century glazed pottery. Large boulders and flint nodules appear on the island and may represent part of the original fabric of a building. Historical sources indicate that the site was held of the king-in-chief for the service of keeping the park of Melchet. Although the medieval holders are known by some documentary sources, no evidence survives for the nature of the manorial buildings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,
Stamper, P, Medieval Hampshire: studies in landscape history, 1983, PhD thesis: University of Southampton

National Grid Reference: SU 27458 20283

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012483 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 01:23:06.

End of official listing