Bowl barrow 220m east of Rowbarrow Pond

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012535

Date first listed: 09-Sep-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 220m east of Rowbarrow Pond
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Denny Lodge

National Park: NEW FOREST

National Grid Reference: SU 35964 04428

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrow 220m east of Rowbarrow Pond survives comparatively well within the New Forest, an area known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow and part of a field boundary situated on a hillslope overlooking the valley of Shepton Water. The barrow mound measures 12.5m in diameter and stands up to 0.6m high. A shallow hollow in the centre of the mound suggests robbing or partial early excavation. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. A substantial, and relatively flat-topped, field boundary passes close to the eastern edge of the mound and clearly deflects around the barrow. The monument lies close to the boundary bank of the Bishop of Winchester's Purlieu and within a relict field system.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20252

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill, T C, Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), 1988,
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU30SE6,

End of official listing