Bowl barrow 550m north-east of Baltic Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012629

Date first listed: 16-Jul-1956

Date of most recent amendment: 09-May-1991


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 550m north-east of Baltic Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bishops Cannings

National Grid Reference: SU 05055 66836


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Numerous barrows and additional evidence for contemporary settlement in the area of Bishop's Cannings Down provide a clear indication of the intensity with which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period. The importance of the barrow is considerably enhanced by its association with these contemporary monuments. Despite partial excavation, much of the site remains intact including ditch deposits and a buried land surface. It therefore has considerable archaeological potential in terms of providing an environmental context for the finds already excavated.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow, surviving as a low earthwork, set in a dry valley north of Bishop's Cannings Down. The barrow mound has a diameter of c.15m and survives to a height of 0.2m. Surrounding the mound is a ring of darker earth, c.2m wide, indicating the location of the ditch. The site was partially excavated on several occasions in the 19th century, revealing a crouched skeleton and beaker-style pottery.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12162

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing