Bowl barrow 400m north-west of Aldbourne Warren Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 26-May-2019 at 03:58:18.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 23486 77941
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite partial excavation of the Aldbourne Warren Farm barrow, much of the monument remains intact, including ditch deposits and the buried land surface. It therefore has significant archaeological potential, particularly for the recovery of environmental evidence. The importance of the site is enhanced by the fact that numerous barrow mounds and additional evidence for contemporary settlement survive in the area. These give an indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.
The monument includes a bowl barrow set above the floor of a dry valley
immediately to the south of Sugar Hill. The barrow mound stands to a
height of 1.5m and is 40m in diameter. Although no longer visible at
ground level, a ditch from which the mound material was quarried,
surrounds the mound. This has filled in over the years and now
survives as a buried feature c.5m wide. The site was partially
excavated by Canon Greenwell, a prolific excavator of barrows, between
1885 and 1890. Finds included a central cist or stone-lined box
containing a cremation burial accompanied by a dagger.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Greenwell, Canon, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia (Volume 52), , Vol. 52, (1890), 57
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing