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Moated site at Otterbourne Manor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site at Otterbourne Manor

List entry Number: 1013055

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Otterbourne

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Jul-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12055

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known in England, relatively few survive in Hampshire. This example is particularly important as it survives well with a good range of features and is associated with a listed building of 17th century date. In addition good documentary evidence for the use of the site survives.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an oval moated site at Otterbourne Manor. The site is orientated WNW-ESE and has maximum external dimensions of 140m east-west by 80m north-south. The moat survives to a width of c.12m and a depth of around 4m and encloses an area c.115m by 60m. The north and east arms of the moat are seasonally water-filled and well-preserved; the south and west sides are overgrown and infilled. Three causeways cross the moat, to the north-west, the north and the south. Traces of an exterior bank survive along part of the south side of the monument although this may result from later clearance of the moat. It has a width of 3m and a height of between 0.5 and 0.7m. The manor of Otterbourne is well-documented throughout the medieval period. It was granted to Merton College, Oxford in the mid 15th century and the manorial court was held in the manor house until the early 19th century. The grade 2 listed 17th century farmhouse and the other buildings within the protected area are all excluded from the scheduling, though the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Stamper, P, Medieval Hampshire: studies in landscape history, (1983)
Other
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

National Grid Reference: SU 46451 22397

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013055 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 06:12:46.

End of official listing