Long barrow 350m south-west of Down Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013131

Date first listed: 03-May-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Feb-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 350m south-west of Down Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Nether Wallop

National Grid Reference: SU 32026 38344

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. The Down Farm site is of particular importance as it survives well and is one of a group of three surviving in the immediate area. Such clusters are important as they give an indication of the intensity with which areas were settled during the Neolithic period, a period for which little settlement evidence survives.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow set in an area of undulating chalk downland some 500m north-west of Danebury hillfort. The mound is orientated east-west and is rectangular in plan, measuring 50m long by 20m wide rising to a height of 1m above ground level at the east end. Flanking ditches, from which mound material was quarried, are contiguous to the sides of the mound and survive to a width of 10m and a depth of 0.2m. This appears as one of three long barrows in the immediate area.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12100

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

End of official listing