Long barrow 350m south-west of Down Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1013131
Date first listed: 03-May-1974
Date of most recent amendment: 12-Feb-1991
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Test Valley (District Authority)
Parish: Nether Wallop
National Grid Reference: SU 32026 38344
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. The Down Farm site is of particular importance as it survives well and is one of a group of three surviving in the immediate area. Such clusters are important as they give an indication of the intensity with which areas were settled during the Neolithic period, a period for which little settlement evidence survives.
The monument includes a long barrow set in an area of undulating chalk
downland some 500m north-west of Danebury hillfort. The mound is orientated
east-west and is rectangular in plan, measuring 50m long by 20m wide rising to
a height of 1m above ground level at the east end. Flanking ditches, from
which mound material was quarried, are contiguous to the sides of the mound
and survive to a width of 10m and a depth of 0.2m.
This appears as one of three long barrows in the immediate area.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 12100
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing