Round barrow on Metlow Hill, 300m WSW of Wandale Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013195

Date first listed: 04-Oct-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Metlow Hill, 300m WSW of Wandale Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bempton

National Grid Reference: TA 20239 72979

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavations of this monument at the end of the last century, and the consequent loss of some of the archaeological integrity of the barrow, including some of its burial contents, much of the monument survives reasonably well. The barrow will retain further archaeological information, including evidence of the manner in which it was constructed. Both the ditch and the original buried land surface beneath the mound material will contain archaeological and environmental information pertaining to the contemporary environment and economy of the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a large round barrow located in a field on a low rise known as Metlow Hill. The barrow is visible as a mound 28m in diameter. Although somewhat reduced by ploughing, it is still well preserved and survives to a maximum height of 1.5m. The mound is encircled by a ditch about 3m wide, which has become infilled through time and is now no longer visible as an earthwork. The barrow was excavated by Greenwell between 1877 and 1889 and was found to contain the remains of a stone circle or cist, at the centre of which was a woodlined grave containing the inhumation of a child about 5-6 years old and a food vessel, whilst the mound material contained 15 flint scrapers, 3 knives, 3 saws, a broken leaf-shaped arrow point and 3 pottery sherds. The modern post and wire fence crossing the west side of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26511

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Loughlin, N, Miller, K, Survey of Archaeological Sites in Humberside, (1979), 76
Other
Humberside SMR, (1994)
OS69/047, 202, Ordnance Survey, Aerial Photograph, (1969)

End of official listing