Bowl barrow 230m south-west of Further Plantation: part of Foxholes Brow round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013205

Date first listed: 19-Jun-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Dec-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 230m south-west of Further Plantation: part of Foxholes Brow round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Eastbourne (District Authority)

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 58097 00423

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

As part of a linear round barrow cemetery, and a wider concentration of Bronze Age burial mounds, the bowl barrow 230m south-west of Further Plantation contributes to a valuable insight into the nature and scale of human occupation in the area during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, one of a group of five barrows forming a linear round barrow cemetery running NNW-SSE along the crest of a ridge in an area of chalk downland. The barrow is visible as a mound 14m in diameter and 1m high. Surrounding this is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible from ground level, having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2.5m wide. Excluded from the scheduling is a marker stone on the top of the mound, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20140

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 274
Other
Title: TQ 50 SE 30 Source Date: 1973 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing