Bowl barrow in New Planting, forming part of the Three Barrow Clump round barrow cemetery
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1013246
Date first listed: 18-Sep-1996
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Feb-2019 at 01:19:41.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Dorset (District Authority)
Parish: Winterbourne Abbas
National Grid Reference: SY 59993 90307
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
The bowl barrow in New Planting survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the Three Barrow Clump cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed. The round barrow cemetery contains a bell barrow, of which 250 are known nationally and a pond barrow, of which only 60 are known.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a low ridge of the South
Dorset Downs overlooking the South Winterbourne valley to the north. The
barrow represents an outlier of the Three Barrow Clump round barrow cemetery,
which is situated on higher ground 250m to the south west and contains at
least eight round barrows in all.
The barrow has a mound composed of chalk, earth and flint with a maximum
diameter of 11m and a maximum height of c.0.4m. This is surrounded by a ditch
from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This
is no longer visible at ground level as it has become infilled over the years,
but it will survive as a buried feature c.1m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 22956
Legacy System: RSM
Mention flinty mound,
Mention no sign of ditch,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing