Three bowl barrows 300m south west of Well Bottom Wood, forming part of the Pitcombe Down round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1013251
Date first listed:
31-Oct-1957
Date of most recent amendment:
18-Sep-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 300m south west of Well Bottom Wood, forming part of the Pitcombe Down round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Dorset
District:
West Dorset (District Authority)
Parish:
Littlebredy
National Grid Reference:
SY 58844 89902

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three bowl barrows 300m south west of Well Bottom Wood survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the Pitcombe Down cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows aligned south east to north west and situated on a chalk ridge of the South Dorset Downs, overlooking the South Winterbourne Valley to the north east and the Bride Valley to the south. The barrows form part of the Pitcombe Down round barrow cemetery which contains ten barrows in all. The three barrows all have mounds composed of earth, chalk and flint with dimensions of between 20m and 30m in diameter and c.0.3m and 1.2m in height. Each of the mounds is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during their construction. The ditches are no longer visible at ground level as they have become infilled over the years, but each will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
22967
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 39

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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