Bowl barrow 120m east of White Hill Wood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013256

Date first listed: 08-Aug-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Sep-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 120m east of White Hill Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Littlebredy

National Grid Reference: SY 59738 88892

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite ploughing, the bowl barrow 120m east of White Hill Wood survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the South Dorset Downs on a chalk plateau overlooking the Bride Valley to the west. The barrow is one of a dispersed group which covers a wide area. The barrow has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with a maximum diameter of 25m and a maximum height of c.1m. This is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch is no longer visible at ground level, as it has become infilled over the years. It will, however, survive as a buried feature c.2m wide. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field boundary, although the underlying ground is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22945

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 39

End of official listing