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Poundbury Camp, associated monuments and section of Roman aqueduct.

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Poundbury Camp, associated monuments and section of Roman aqueduct.

List entry Number: 1013337

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bradford Peverell

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Dorchester

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Feb-1953

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Oct-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12501

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Poundbury consists of a major settlement complex which spans four millennia from at least the late Neolithic period onwards. Its central focus is an Iron Age hillfort with multiple defences which together with Maiden Castle, Hod Hill and others formed an important network of hillforts within the Durotrigian tribal area. Its significance is indicated by the fact that the Romans founded the civitas capital of Durnovaria alongside the hillfort soon after the invasion. The cemetery associated with the town is one of the largest Late Roman examples so far identified and archaeologically excavated in Britain if not Europe, and its Christian connections give it exceptional added value.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This major chalk bluff overlooking the river Frome has provided a focus of human settlement for over 4,000 years. It includes evidence of a Neolithic settlement of the 3rd millennium BC; a substantial Bronze Age occupation with hut plans, pits and field systems; an extensive Iron Age hillfort and associated earthworks, plus other structures, enclosures and related burials of the late Iron Age. There is also a section of Roman aqueduct incorporated in the western and northern parts of the monument. On the eastern half of the bluff is situated an earlier Romano-British farmstead; and an extensive later cemetery, possibly Christian, belonging to the Roman town Durnovaria and consisting of some c1450 burials. Further buildings and enclosures of the 5th-8th centuries overlie the Roman cemetery and indicate the continuity of settlement in the area. The following are all excluded from the scheduling; 1. all the above ground buildings/structures (though the ground beneath these is scheduled); 2. the areas of the 1964-80 and 1986 excavations; 3. maintained and metalled roads within the Trading Estate.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, , Dorset II: South East, (1970)
Davies, S M, Grieve, D, 'Proc Dorset NH and Arch Soc' in The Poundbury Pipeline: Archaeological Observations and Excavation, , Vol. 108, (1986)
Davies, S M, Harding, P, Soames, R, 'Proc Dorset NH and Arch Soc' in Recent excavations at the Grove Trading Estate, Dorchester 1987, (1987)
Davies, S M, Harding, P, Soames, R, 'Proc Dorset NH and Arch Soc' in Recent excavations at the Grove Trading Estate, Dorchester 1987, (1987), 81-88
Green, C J S, 'Dorset NH & Archaeo Soc Monograph S 7' in Excavations at Poundbury, (1987)
Green, C J S, 'Dorset NH & Archaeo Soc Monograph S 7' in Excavations at Poundbury, (1987), 130-33
Richardson, K M, 'Antiquaries Journal' in Excavations at Poundbury, Dorchester, Dorset, 1939, , Vol. 20, (1940), 429-48

National Grid Reference: SY 68055 91175

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013337 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 08:14:04.

End of official listing