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A moated site and fishpond in Howe Wood, 0.75km south-east of St Mary's Church

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: A moated site and fishpond in Howe Wood, 0.75km south-east of St Mary's Church

List entry Number: 1013414

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Uttlesford

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Littlebury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Feb-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20695

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site in Howe Wood remains essentially undisturbed and will retain archaeological information relating to the occupation of the monument. The ditches and fishpond will retain environmental evidence relating to the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site and fishpond situated on high ground overlooking the River Cam, 0.75km south-east of St Mary's Church in Strethall. The quadrangular moated site is orientated NE-SW and measures 95m by 75m. The arms, which are mostly dry, are between 8m and 14m wide and a maximum of 3.75m in depth. The eastern corner retains some water. A causeway, 3m wide, across the south-eastern arm gives access to the island, which is flat, but has traces of internal banks about 2m wide and 0.5m high to the south and north- west. At the northern corner of the moat is a rectangular fishpond which remains waterfilled and measures 45m NE-SW by 20m NW-SE. It is joined to the moat by a channel 11m wide. To the north of the moat are other earthworks on the same alignment, which are considered to be part of an associated enclosure, although the continuation of these earthworks within the woods has yet to be defined.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Information from SMR No: 3882,

National Grid Reference: TL 49295 39549

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013414 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 05:49:18.

End of official listing