Four round barrows on Yearsley Moor 200m south west of High Lions' Lodge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013446

Date first listed: 24-May-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Aug-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Four round barrows on Yearsley Moor 200m south west of High Lions' Lodge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: Yearsley

National Grid Reference: SE 57519 75182

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

These barrows have survived well and so significant information about the structure of the mounds, the surrounding ditch and the burials will be preserved. The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows in the vicinity. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the region and offer important scope for the study of burial practice in different geographical areas in the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes four round barrows, situated in a line orientated east to west, which are part of a group of barrows on the west edge of Yearsley Moor. The eastern barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 1m high. It is oval in shape and measures 21m by 19m. The second barrow lies 15m to the west and has a mound 1.5m high. It is round in shape and measures 20m in diameter. There is a hollow in the centre of the mound 4m across resulting from excavations in antiquity. The third barrow lies immediatly to the west and has an oval mound 22m east to west by 15m north to south and is 1m high. The western barrow is round in shape and has a mound 10m in diameter and 0.6m high. All of the barrow mounds were each surrounded by a quarry ditch up to 3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26966

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

End of official listing