Standing stone at Ginclough 400m WSW of Gin Clough Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1013480
Date first listed:
01-Sep-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Standing stone at Ginclough 400m WSW of Gin Clough Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Rainow
National Park:
PEAK DISTRICT
National Grid Reference:
SJ 95525 76346

Reasons for Designation

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone at Ginclough survives well and is in its original position. It forms part of a relict Bronze Age landscape on the side of the hill, including a tumulus 400m to the north east and another 1000m to the south west.

Details

The monument includes a Grade II Listed standing stone on the side of the hill above Hayles Clough in Rainow. The stone is a large gritstone glacial erratic cut away on two sides to create a square face on the east side. The stone stands 0.86m high and is 0.72m wide on the east face and 0.9m deep at the base where it is widest. It stands 2.5m from the B5470 on the south side of the road. The drystone wall 1m to the south of the stone is not included in the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
25702
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Cheshire County Council, SMR, (1994)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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