Two adjacent carved rocks and associated rubble bank at top of ridge at Lanshaw overlooking Woofa Bank


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013555

Date first listed: 20-Jun-1995


Ordnance survey map of Two adjacent carved rocks and associated rubble bank at top of ridge at Lanshaw overlooking Woofa Bank
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Bradford (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Burley

National Grid Reference: SE 13471 45369

Reasons for Designation

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed settlements are also known. Prehistoric rock carving is found on rock outcrops in several parts of upland Britain with one of the densest concentrations on Rombalds Moor. The most common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' mark in which expanses of small cup-like hollows, which may be surrounded by one or more `rings', are pecked into the surface of the rock. Other shapes and patterns, including some dominated by grooves or lines, are also known. Carvings may occur singly or in small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They are believed to date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (c.2800-500 BC) and provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they have been interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments. All positively identified prehistoric rock carving sites exhibiting a significant group of designs have been identified as nationally important.

The carvings on these rocks survive well and will contribute to an understanding of the wider grouping of carved rocks. The close proximity of the prehistoric rubble bank to the carved rocks is unusual. Information on its relationship to them will be preserved.


The monument includes two carved gritstone rocks situated at the southern edge of a group of rocks at the top of a ridge at Lanshaw, overlooking Woofa Bank. The northernmost of this pair of rocks has a conspicuous, large, natural basin. The carving on this rock consists of two cup marks. The southernmost of the pair, lying 2m south west of the other, barely protrudes above ground level. It is carved with a cup and ring and has an enhanced natural groove. The monument also includes a short stretch of rubble bank immediately to the south of the carved rocks, running approximately east to west along the top of the ridge for a distance of c.25m. The form of this bank indicates its prehistoric date; it is interpreted as some form of land division, possibly being a field boundary.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25303

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 98

End of official listing