Bowl barrow in Taylors Wood, 400m north of Swan Lodge: part of a barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013559

Date first listed: 26-Jun-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Oct-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Taylors Wood, 400m north of Swan Lodge: part of a barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013559 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Dec-2018 at 15:29:40.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: North Norfolk (District Authority)

Parish: Cley Next the Sea

National Grid Reference: TG 06766 42298

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the bowl barrow 400m north of Swan Lodge has suffered damage, the disturbance affects only c.2% of the total area, and the monument as a whole survives well. It will retain archaeological information concerning the construction of the barrow and the manner and duration of its use, and evidence for the local environment before and during that period will be preserved in the mound, in soils buried beneath it, and in the fill of the buried ditch. The barrow is a component of the largest round barrow cemetery in Norfolk and has additional interest in that context. Limited investigations of some of the other barrows in the group have shown that the cemetery was in use over several centuries, and includes different types of round barrow and a considerable diversity in the forms and rites of burial. The evidence contained in these barrows as a group is of wider significance for the study of the character and development of the prehistoric population of the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, which is within a dispersed round barrow cemetery extending over an area of c.1.3 sq km on and immediately around Salthouse Heath. The barrow is situated c.80m to the south and west of the boundary between the parishes of Cley next the Sea and Salthouse. It is visible as an earthen mound standing to a height of c.0.7m and covering a circular area c.24m in diameter. The mound is thought to be encircled by a ditch c.3m wide, from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the barrow. This ditch has become infilled and is no longer visible on the ground surface, but will survive as a buried feature. The estimated overall diameter of the barrow is therefore 30m. Across the centre of the mound, running north- south, there is an old trench c.8m long, 1m wide and 0.4m deep, probably dug during World War II, when the heath and surrounding area were used for military training. The surface of the mound to the west of the trench has been raised to a total height of c.0.9m by upcast from the digging, resulting in an asymmetrical profile.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21357

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing