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A saucer barrow and three bowl barrows on Tegdown Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: A saucer barrow and three bowl barrows on Tegdown Hill

List entry Number: 1013587

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: The City of Brighton and Hove

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish:

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Apr-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 05-May-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25458

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Saucer barrows are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, most examples dating to between 1800 and l200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). They were constructed as a circular area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound covering one or more burials, usually in a pit. The burials, either inhumations or cremations, are sometimes accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow, with about 60 known examples nationally, most of which are in Wessex. The presence of grave goods within the barrows provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a rare and fragile form of round barrow, all identified saucer barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite some disturbance by a modern track, the saucer barrow on Tegdown Hill survives comparatively well, displaying visible earthworks and buried remains. The barrow has been shown by partial excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed,) occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Despite some disturbance by modern ploughing, the three bowl barrows on Tegdown Hill survive in relatively good condition and retain archaeological and environmental remains relating to their construction and use. The old land surface will survive as a buried feature beneath the barrow mounds.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a group of four Bronze Age round barrows situated on a spur of the Sussex Downs. The most westerly of the group is a saucer barrow. This has a roughly circular area of hummocky ground measuring 24m in diameter, the remains of a central mound, surrounded by a ditch 4m wide and 0.25m deep, from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. The ditch is bounded by an outer bank 4m wide and surviving to a height of 0.3m. A modern track has partially disturbed the barrow on its south eastern side. The three bowl barrows lie to the east of the saucer barrow and have been constructed so as to form a linear group aligned north east-south west. The barrows each have a low, roughly circular mound around 15m in diameter and surviving to a height of c.0.4m. The mounds are each surrounded by ditches which have become infilled over the years but which survive as buried features c.2m wide. The saucer barrow was partially excavated in 1936 when a buried pit containing charcoal and roughly worked flints was discovered in the centre of the mound. A Late Bronze Age pottery cup was found in the ditch and this is believed to have formed a secondary, or later, burial deposit. The modern fences which cross the monument are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Curwen, EC, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Archaeological Collections, , Vol. 6, (1936), 225-227
Other
OS F2 NKB, SMR TQ 31 SW 45, (1972)

National Grid Reference: TQ 31327 10151

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 08:13:00.

End of official listing