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Rainsborough long barrow, Charlton

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Rainsborough long barrow, Charlton

List entry Number: 1013661

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Northamptonshire

District: South Northamptonshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Newbottle

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Mar-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13672

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Although partly altered by wall building, this long barrow is essentially undisturbed and will retain archaeological evidence within the mound and ditches.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Rainsborough long barrow lies 60m to the north west of Rainsborough hill fort and approximately 500m west of Camp Farm at Charlton. The long barrow lies on the side of a north facing hill and consists of a sub-rectangular mound, 30m long from east to west and 4m wide from north to south. On its upper, south side, the mound stands 0.25m high, and on the lower side the mound is 1m above the adjacent ground level. On the north side of the barrow dry stone walling was set into part of the mound in the 18th century. Although no longer visible at ground level, flanking quarry ditches, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, run parallel to the mound on its north and south side. These have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 4 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SP 52473 34900

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013661 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 08:54:57.

End of official listing