Bowl barrow 800m east of Gourd's Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1013742
Date first listed: 17-Feb-1961
Date of most recent amendment: 29-Apr-1996
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: North Dorset (District Authority)
Parish: Compton Abbas
National Grid Reference: ST 88512 18938
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrow 800m east of Gourd's Farm on Compton Down is a comparatively well preserved example of its type, the mound preserving buried deposits which will contain archaeological remains, providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment. The monument is unusual for the chalk areas of southern Britain in that it does not appear to have a ditch.
The monument includes the remains of a bowl barrow 800m east of Gourd's Farm,
situated in a prominent position, on Compton Down. The barrow has a mound 15m
north-south by 11m east-west and 0.6m high. The elongated shape is the result
of ploughing which has eroded the east and west sides of the mound. A
geophysical survey carried out on and around the barrow by Geophysical Surveys
of Bradford for AC Archaeology indicated that there was no ditch surrounding
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 27345
Legacy System: RSM
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing