Two bowl barrows 400m west of Easton Down Farm: part of a group of round barrows south of Easton Down


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014098

Date first listed: 05-Mar-1996


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 400m west of Easton Down Farm: part of a group of round barrows south of Easton Down
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Winterslow

National Grid Reference: SU 23143 34951

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrows 400m west of Easton Down Farm are, despite some erosion, comparatively well preserved examples of their class and will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.


The monument includes two bowl barrows, aligned broadly north-south, which lie on a gentle south facing slope at the southern edge of Easton Down. The southern barrow has a mound 26m in diameter and 0.6m high. Although no surface indication of the ditch surrounding the mound can be seen, it will survive as a buried feature c.3m wide. The northern barrow has a spread mound recorded by the Ordnance Survey in 1970 as being 24m in diameter. It is 0.3m high and traces of a surrounding ditch can be seen on its SW side. Elsewhere the ditch will survive as a buried feature c.3m wide. Excluded from the scheduling is the archaeological site marker which lies between the barrows, and all fence posts although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26766

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing