Cairn 250m SSE of the Ordnance Survey triangulation point on Beacon Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014127

Date first listed: 07-Feb-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairn 250m SSE of the Ordnance Survey triangulation point on Beacon Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: West Quantoxhead

National Grid Reference: ST 12575 40764

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards. Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on the hills through time. These earthwork features are one of the key components of the Quantocks' broader landscape character. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. Twelve round cairns have been recorded on the Quantocks, although the original figure is likely to have been higher. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite being spread, the cairn on Beacon Hill is integral to the wider mixed cemetery and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to it and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cairn on the south side of Beacon Hill at the north west end of the Quantocks. The cairn forms part of a wider mixed cemetery on the hill which includes two barrows and three cairns. The cairn has a mound which is spread and measures c.12m in diameter and is 0.2m high. It was first identified by A T Wicks in 1933.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22084

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Wicks, A T, Barrow Lore, (1933), 104-108

End of official listing