Two carved rocks, one dome-shaped and one ridged, near grouse butts on Foldshaw Ridge 880m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014156

Date first listed: 30-Apr-1996


Ordnance survey map of Two carved rocks, one dome-shaped and one ridged, near grouse butts on Foldshaw Ridge 880m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Middleton

National Grid Reference: SE 11353 51592


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland, Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more `rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be identified as nationally important.

The carvings on these rocks survive well and form part of the prehistoric landscape of Middleton Moor.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two carved gritstone rocks, one dome-shaped and one ridged situated near the line of grouse butts on the south flank of Foldshaw Ridge, Middleton Moor, between butts numbered five and six. The western dome-shaped rock (accurate NGR: SE1134851594) measures 0.35m by 0.3m by 0.15m and has two cup marks under vegetation at the foot of the sloping face. The eastern rock (acuurate NGR: SE1135351594) is a prominent, ridged stone with a triangular profile measuring 1.1m by 0.9m by 0.6m. There are five certain cup marks, three of which are located at the top of the south face and other possible cups carved on it. This rock also bears shot marks and natural depressions.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28022

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing