Two carved rocks south of derelict grouse butt, 840m SSW of Crag House


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014199

Date first listed: 16-Feb-1996


Ordnance survey map of Two carved rocks south of derelict grouse butt, 840m SSW of Crag House
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Askwith

National Grid Reference: SE 17399 50750


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland, Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more `rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be identified as nationally important.

The carvings on these rocks survive well and form part of the prehistoric landscape of Askwith Moor.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two carved gritstone rocks, on Askwith Moor, south of the derelict grouse butt near Askwith Moor Road. The westernmost rock, whose grid reference is SE1739650745, measures 0.7m by 0.7m by 0.6m, and has one large cup mark at its apex. The eastern rock, whose grid reference is SE1740350751, measures 0.4m by 0.35m by 0.15m, and has one large cup mark.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28063

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing