Gatepost with cup marks and grooves 350m SSE of West Moor House, at side of road 500m west of Bow Beck


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014321

Date first listed: 09-Feb-1996


Ordnance survey map of Gatepost with cup marks and grooves 350m SSE of West Moor House, at side of road 500m west of Bow Beck
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Jan-2019 at 04:27:13.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Middleton

National Grid Reference: SE 12361 50336


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland, Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more `rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms part of the prehistoric landscape of the north side of the Wharfe valley.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, now at the roadside, which has been dressed and used as a gatepost. The visible part of the rock measures 0.35m by 0.3m by 1.1m. It is situated at the east side of the road leading to West Moor House, south of March Ghyll reservoir, between the road and the field wall. It is 0.6m from the wall, and 0.3m from the tarmac surface of the road. The carving consists of one cup mark and two or three grooves on the west face of the gatepost, ie the side facing the road.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28082

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing