Cairn 255m south west of Moor House Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014358

Date first listed: 21-May-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairn 255m south west of Moor House Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Richmondshire (District Authority)

Parish: Preston-under-Scar

National Grid Reference: SE 06784 90804

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although partly disturbed on its southern side this remains a very substantial monument retaining further important archaeological deposits. It is also one of only very few low-lying examples of a cairn surviving in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a large cairn situated on level ground beside a railway track. It consists of a turf covered mound 18m in diameter and 1.7m high. The south side of the monument was disturbed during the building of the railway in the 1870s and human remains were found. A number of hawthorn trees are growing on this disturbed southern side. A wooden fence running over the top of the monument is excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28405

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing