Round cairn on Grasmoor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014393

Date first listed: 03-Aug-1995

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Feb-1996


Ordnance survey map of Round cairn on Grasmoor
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Allerdale (District Authority)

Parish: Buttermere

National Park: LAKE DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: NY 17480 20352

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite construction of a fellwalker's shelter on the monument, the round cairn on Grasmoor survives reasonably well. It will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land surface beneath.


The monument includes a round cairn located on the summit of Grasmoor. It consists of an oval-shaped mound of stones measuring 17.5m north-south by 12.5m east-west. It measures up to 1m high on its downslope north side and 0.2m high on all other sides. On the monument's summit there is a fellwalker's shelter constructed from the stones which originally would have formed part of the round cairn.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27656

Legacy System: RSM


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing