Round cairn on Grasmoor
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1014393
Date first listed: 03-Aug-1995
Date of most recent amendment: 05-Feb-1996
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Allerdale (District Authority)
National Park: LAKE DISTRICT
National Grid Reference: NY 17480 20352
Reasons for Designation
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.
Despite construction of a fellwalker's shelter on the monument, the round cairn on Grasmoor survives reasonably well. It will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land surface beneath.
The monument includes a round cairn located on the summit of Grasmoor. It
consists of an oval-shaped mound of stones measuring 17.5m north-south by
12.5m east-west. It measures up to 1m high on its downslope north side and
0.2m high on all other sides. On the monument's summit there is a fellwalker's
shelter constructed from the stones which originally would have formed part of
the round cairn.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 27656
Legacy System: RSM
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing