Cairn and cist 370m east of Trowlesworthy Warren House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014473

Date first listed: 03-Jul-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairn and cist 370m east of Trowlesworthy Warren House
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams (District Authority)

Parish: Shaugh Prior

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 57145 64751

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

The round cairn and cist 370m east of Trowlesworthy Warren House survives well and is known from partial excavation to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This monument forms part of a well-preserved, extensive and complex archaeological landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a round cairn containing a cist which forms part of a complex multi-period archaeological landscape on the western slope of the Trowlesworthy Tors overlooking the valley of the Blacka Brook. The cairn mound measures 5.2m in diameter, stands up to 0.1m high and its perimeter is defined by a kerb of at least eight stones set on edge. The cairn has been excavated to reveal a cist orientated north to south. The interior of the cist measures 0.9m long, 0.5m wide and 0.45m deep, although the western side stone is no longer extant. The capstone lies immediately west of the cist and measures 1.55m long by 1m wide. Further archaeological features within the vicinity of this monument are the subjects of other schedulings. This monument is in the care of the Secretary of State.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22359

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 158
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX56SE340, (1986)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, (1995)
Thackray, C., The Upper Plym Valley: The management of an historic landscape, 1994, Archaeological Site Inventory

End of official listing