Round cairn 540m NNW of Southernknowe

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014489

Date first listed: 20-May-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 540m NNW of Southernknowe
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kirknewton

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

National Grid Reference: NT 88765 25124

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairn 540m NNW of Southernknowe survives well and contains significant archaeological deposits. It is situated within an area of clustered archaeological sites of high quality and forms part of a wider archaeological landscape. It will contribute to any study of land use in the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date, situated on a river terrace above the College Burn. The cairn is visible as a turf covered sub-circular mound of earth and stone; it measures 7m east-west by 5.5m north-south and stands 0.5m high. Remnants of a kerb are visible around the cairn and the centre is slightly sunken.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24628

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing