Bowl barrow in Ruins Plantation 200m east of The Retreat

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014760

Date first listed: 23-Feb-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Aug-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Ruins Plantation 200m east of The Retreat
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Milton Abbas

National Grid Reference: ST 78853 01998

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow in Ruins Plantation 200m east of The Retreat, despite being disturbed by previous excavations, will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow in Ruins Plantation 200m east of The Retreat on a north facing slope just below the crest of the hill. The barrow has a mound which is 16m in diameter and c.1.5m high. There is a large crater in the centre of the mound, c.5m in diameter and c.1m deep resulting from previous unrecorded excavations. The surrounding ditch, from which material was quarried for the construction of the mound, survives as a buried feature c.3m wide, with intermittent traces visible on the ground.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27383

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing