Ring cairn on Kail Hill 380m north east of High Woodhouse.


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014874

Date first listed: 07-Mar-1996


Ordnance survey map of Ring cairn on Kail Hill 380m north east of High Woodhouse.
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Craven (District Authority)

Parish: Appletreewick


National Grid Reference: SE 04488 60731


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form, all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

Although the ring cairn has been partly disturbed, much of it survives intact displaying a number of features and in a prominent position. It will also retain further archaeological deposits.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The ring cairn is built on the highest point of Kail Hill 380m north east of High Woodhouse, overlooking lower Wharfedale. It includes a bank 2m-2.5m wide and 0.3m-0.4m high. The interior has a diameter of 12m. A short section of the southern bank has been disturbed in recent times and a stone setting is visible.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27936

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing