Rock with two cup marks 500m ESE of New Dam, Burhill, Skyreholme
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1014960
Date first listed: 30-Aug-1996
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Feb-2019 at 03:50:13.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
County: North Yorkshire
District: Craven (District Authority)
National Park: YORKSHIRE DALES
National Grid Reference: SE 07629 62332
Reasons for Designation
Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.
The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of the Skyreholme area.
The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, 3m x 1.9m x 0.65m, partly
covered in vegetation. It is situated at the top of Burhill, c.100m west of
Black Hill Road, and c.31m north of the wall which crosses the road.
The carving consists of two clear cups.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 28083
Legacy System: RSM
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing