Long barrow on Winterbourne Stoke Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015021

Date first listed: 10-Mar-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Nov-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow on Winterbourne Stoke Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Winterbourne Stoke

National Grid Reference: SU 09161 42794

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Twenty-eight Neolithic long barrows have been identified in the Salisbury Plain Training Area. As a monument type long barrows are sufficiently rare nationally that, unless severely damaged, all examples surviving as earthworks are considered to be of national importance.

The long barrow on Winterbourne Stoke Down survives well and is known from part excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow orientated east - west situated on a downland spur 180m south of the A360 on Winterbourne Stoke Down. The mound is 43m long. A 36m length of the mound survives as a visible earthwork which varies in height from 1.5m high at the western end to c.1m at the eastern end. Beyond this the remainder of the mound is visible as a slight rise in the field surface. The mound is 17m wide and is flanked on either side by a ditch up to 5m wide; that on the south side is visible as a shallow depression. The north western ditch survives as a buried feature. A part excavation by Cunnington in the early 19th century produced a cremation covered with flints and two deep cists containing wood ash and charcoal. The long barrow lies within a levelled field system which has not been included in the scheduling. The metalling of the adjacent track and all fence posts are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28926

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 146
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 117
Cunnington, M E, 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in List of the Long Barrows of Wiltshire, , Vol. 38, (1914), 407

End of official listing