Two bowl barrows and a levelled barrow 460m north east of Normanton House on Amesbury Down

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1015026
Date first listed:
18-Apr-1955
Date of most recent amendment:
09-Mar-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows and a levelled barrow 460m north east of Normanton House on Amesbury Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Amesbury
National Grid Reference:
SU 14320 40183

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Two of the bowl barrows 460m north east of Normanton House on Amesbury Down survive well, and despite the third example being levelled by ploughing, all three barrows will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows and a third levelled barrow situated on a gentle spur overlooking the valley of the River Avon on Amesbury Down. The barrows are arranged in a line broadly north west to south east. The mound of the most northerly barrow is 19m in diameter, 1m high and is surrounded by an infilled ditch about 2m wide from which material was excavated during its construction. The most southerly barrow mound is 26m in diameter, 0.5m high and is surrounded by an infilled quarry ditch which aerial photographs show to be penannular and about 3m wide. The levelled barrow is located between the two extant barrows and is no longer visible at ground level. The quarry ditch is, however, visible on aerial photographs from which its overall diameter is calculated to be 17m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
28933
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Hoare, R C, Ancient Wiltshire, (1812), 197f
Goddard, Rev E H, 'Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine' in List of Prehistoric, Roman, and Pagan Saxon Antiquities, (1913), 171
Goddard, Rev E H, 'Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine' in List of Prehistoric, Roman, and Pagan Saxon Antiquities, (1913), 171
Goddard, Rev E H, 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in List of Prehistoric, Roman, and Pagan Saxon Antiquities, , Vol. 38, (1914), 171
Other
3 Air Photo Transcription & Analysis, Samuels, J, A303 Amesbury - Berwick Down, -, (1992)
3, AP Transcription & Analysis, Samuels, J, A303 Amesbury to Berwick Down, -, (1992)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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