Bowl barrow on Beaminster Down 530m south east of East Axnoller Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015049

Date first listed: 26-Jan-1960

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Nov-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Beaminster Down 530m south east of East Axnoller Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Beaminster

National Grid Reference: ST 49712 03878

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Beaminster Down 530m south east of East Axnoller Farm is a well preserved example of its class and will include archaeological remains containing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, one of a group of four on Beaminster Down, 530m south east of East Axnoller Farm. The barrow has a mound which is 24m in diameter and a maximum of 2.5m high with a linear depression running from the south towards the southern edge, 9.5m by 5m and 0.6m deep. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was excavated during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The barrow was partly excavated in 1874 by Lt Col S S Cox. In one of this group, near the middle, he found an urn inverted over cremated bones and wood ashes at a depth of 5ft (1.5m). Another urn with a cremation was found at a depth of 2ft (0.6m).

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27449

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Hine, R, History of Beaminster, (1914), 3

End of official listing