Cup, ring and groove marked rock 15m from south wall of Gab Wood 300m east of Moseley Farm, Cookridge


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015107

Date first listed: 04-Sep-1996


Ordnance survey map of Cup, ring and groove marked rock 15m from south wall of Gab Wood 300m east of Moseley Farm, Cookridge
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Leeds (Metropolitan Authority)

National Grid Reference: SE 24602 40614


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland, Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more `rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of the Aire valley where a number of outliers from the main concentration of carved rocks on Rombalds Moor are located.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a carved, triangular, gritstone rock, 1.5m by 1.5m by 0.5m. It is situated in Gab Wood at Cookridge, 300m east of Moseley Farm. It is 15m from the south wall of the wood, and 42m east of the wall junction in the adjacent field. An accurate National Grid Reference is SE 24603 40612. The carving consists of one cup with two almost complete rings, the outer ring an irregular oval, on the highest part of the rock. A groove from the cup crosses the rings, and runs right across the rock, crossing another groove. The two grooves form two sides of a rectangular pecked out area. There is another short groove.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29148

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing