Cross ridge dyke north of North Ings Slack and west of Hob on the Hill tumulus


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:


Ordnance survey map of Cross ridge dyke north of North Ings Slack and west of Hob on the Hill tumulus
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Redcar and Cleveland (Unitary Authority)
North Yorkshire
Scarborough (District Authority)
National Park:
National Grid Reference:
NZ 64523 12103

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

The cross ridge dyke north of North Ings Slack survives well and important archaeological remains will be preserved within it. It it demonstrates a sequence of construction from a stone alignment to a more substantial earthwork. Similar monuments survive elswhere in the region. The monument lies in close proximity to major prehistoric burial sites and it is thought that the substantial and impressive dyke may also have had a ritual function.


The monument includes a cross ridge dyke incorporating an earlier stone alignment extending for 510m southward from the crest by the Hob on the Hill round barrow to the edge of North Ings Slack. The dyke is a discontinuous earthwork 410m in length built around an alignment of small exposed standing stones. The earthwork comprises a bank up to 5m wide and 0.75m high with a ditch to the west up to 2.5m wide and 0.4m deep. In some places there is a marked counterscarp bank to the west of the ditch up to 1.5m wide and 0.4m high. The stone alignment includes a series of stones, placed individually and in close-set groups. The stone alignment extends beyond the earthwork by 100m to terminate at the bank North Ings Slack. Excavations in 1991 revealed that the stone alignment originally included more stones than now survive and that the aligment existed for some time before the ditch was dug and the stones were partly encapsulated by the bank. The monument lies in an area rich in prehistoric remains including field systems and burial mounds.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Vyner, B, 'Antiquity' in The Territory Of Ritual: Cross-Ridge Boundaries in Cleveland, (1994), 27-38
Vyner, B, 'Antiquity' in The Territory Of Ritual: Cross-Ridge Boundaries in Cleveland, (1994), 27-38


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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