Round cairn west of Windy Gyle, 680m WNW of Russell's Cairn
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1015319
Date first listed: 09-Dec-1997
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Feb-2019 at 19:25:14.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND
National Grid Reference: NT 84884 15321
Reasons for Designation
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.
The round cairn west of Windy Gyle survives well and contains significant archaeological deposits. It is one of a group of cairns situated along the border ridge and will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of Bronze Age settlement and activity.
The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of prehistoric date
situated on the western shoulder of Windy Gyle and straddling the England-
Scotland border. It is composed of stone and earth, measures 9m in diameter
and stands to a maximum height of 1m. There is a shallow hollow 4m wide in the
centre of the cairn, the result of partial excavation in the 19th century.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 25031
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
The County of Roxburgh: Volume 2, (1956), 352
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing