Bowl barrow 320m east of Bere Down Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015379

Date first listed: 12-Jul-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Mar-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 320m east of Bere Down Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck (District Authority)

Parish: Bere Regis

National Grid Reference: SY 84334 96849

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 320m east of Bere Down Farm survives well and is known from part excavation to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the south facing slope of Bere Down, overlooking the Bere Valley to the west. The barrow forms part of a wider group of seven which together form a round barrow cemetery on Bere Down. The barrow, which is referred to as the `Hawke Barrow' on Isaac Taylor's 1777 map of the area, has a mound composed of earth, flint and chalk with maximum dimensions of 22m in diameter and c.1.5m in height. The mound is known to be surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch has become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The mound was part excavated during the 19th century, when a collared urn now held in the Dorset County Museum was recovered. A small sherd of Bronze Age pottery was also discovered within the area of the barrow during the 1950s. The barrow is situated close to a field bank of uncertain date. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field boundary, although the underlying ground is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28348

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 437
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 437
Other
Mention find of Bronze Age pottery,
Mention name 'Hawks Barrow', Taylor, Isaac, (1777)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Series Source Date: 1902 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Mapped depiction

End of official listing