Two bowl barrows 320m south east of East Down House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015385

Date first listed: 20-Nov-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Mar-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 320m south east of East Down House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Winterborne Kingston

National Grid Reference: ST 86554 00584

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some reduction by ploughing, the two bowl barrows 320m south east of East Down House survive as a combination of upstanding earthworks and buried remains and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which they were constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned broadly east-west and situated on the crest of Muston Down, a chalk ridge overlooking the Winterborne Valley to the south. The barrows form two of the four known to occupy the north- western part of Muston Down. The barrows each have a mound composed of chalk rubble, with maximum dimensions of between 10m-15m in diameter and between c.0.25-0.35m in height. Each mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditches have become infilled over the years, but are known from aerial photographic evidence to survive as buried features c.1.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28355

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 305
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 305
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 150
Other
Mention hole in mound in 1953,
Mention skeleton found in 1940-1,

End of official listing