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Section of linear boundary dyke in and extending to the north west of Farclose Plantation towards Waterman Hole

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Section of linear boundary dyke in and extending to the north west of Farclose Plantation towards Waterman Hole

List entry Number: 1015559

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: East Riding of Yorkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Millington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Dec-1929

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Apr-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26572

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

The monument is part of a very extensive and important system of linear boundary dykes in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds, dating back to the Bronze Age. It is very well preserved for much of its length, and can be demonstrated to form a component part of what was once a much larger system of boundary banks and ditches which enclosed a large tract of territory in this area. As such it offers important insights into ancient land use and territorial divisions for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a 975m long section of Bronze Age linear boundary bank and ditch (also known as a dyke), running approximately north west-south east along York Lane, between Huggate Wold and Huggate Pasture. Lying close to an ancient trackway running on the western side of the Wolds, part of which survives today and is known as the Wolds Way, the monument is a long section of what was once an elaborate complex of boundary dykes between Millington and Huggate Wolds and Huggate Pasture, single components of which run either along the tops of the escarpments, or part the way down the sides of the intervening dry valley systems of Frendal Dale and Tun Dale, south towards Millington Wold and Millington Lings, linking up with the system of boundary dykes in those areas. These dykes were used to enhance the natural topographical barriers of spurs and escarpments between valleys, with additional physical barriers of banks and ditches. Natural conduits along the floors of dry valleys were then `blocked' by other bank and ditch systems to control access. Well preserved sections of these linear boundaries are the subject of separate schedulings, and in some cases, may physically abut. This elaborate complex of Wolds boundary earthworks is one of the best preserved remnants of the original more extensive system recorded and mapped by early antiquarians such as J R Mortimer in the 19th century. Excavations and observations of spatial relationships with other earthworks of known date demonstrate this Wolds complex of earthworks to have originated in the later Bronze Age, with several subsequent phases of elaboration and augmentation. The monument also forms part of a broadly related and extensive complex of multi-period prehistoric earthworks, including bowl barrows, barrow cemeteries, linear bank and ditch systems trackways and enclosures, dispersed across Huggate and Warter Wolds, and Huggate and Millington Pastures. The monument includes a section of linear bank and ditch, 975m long and 5m wide. The bank survives to varying heights of between 1m and 1.5m and up to 3m in width, with a ditch to its eastern side 2m wide and varying between 0.5m and 0.75m deep. At its northern end, the monument commences around 100m to the south of Waterman Hole; this is not thought to have been an original terminus as it is thought that it would once have been linked to a related section of dyke lying further to the west in Greenwick Dale which is the subject of a separate scheduling. The line of this section is not continuous, but is cut by a later field access trackway close to its centre. At its southern end, which is thought to be an original terminus, the monument intersects with the next section of dyke, running west towards Frendal Dale, to the north of Huggate Pasture, and the complex of multiple banks and ditches there. The junction of the banks here would have been nearly perpendicular, but a later period farm trackway has cut across the line of the end of the monument, and obscured the relationship of these two banks to one another. Modern post and wire fencing, separating the monument from arable farmland to the west, and the surface of the paved road to the east, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 365-80
Dent, J, 'Archaeological Journal' in The Yorkshire Dykes, , Vol. 141, (1984), 32-33
Halkon, P, 'Prehistory Research Section Bulletin' in The Huggate Dykes, , Vol. 30, (1993), 10
Manby, T, 'Current Archaeology' in The Yorkshire Dykes, , Vol. 67, (1979), 233
Other
Humberside SMR, Sites and Monuments Records Sheet, (1994)

National Grid Reference: SE 85979 56514

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 10:30:15.

End of official listing