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Long barrow 170m south west of triangulation pillar on White Sheet Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 170m south west of triangulation pillar on White Sheet Hill

List entry Number: 1015701

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Ansty

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Donhead St. Andrew

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Aug-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 21-Feb-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26812

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow 170m south west of the triangulation pillar on White Sheet Hill is a well preserved example of its class situated in a prominent position immediately adjacent to a public right of way. Despite some minor disturbance the barrow exhibits a largely original profile with pronounced quarry ditches flanking the impressive mound. In addition the barrow will include archaeological remains containing information about Neolithic burial traditions, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow lying in a prominent position immediately south west of the highest point of White Sheet Hill. The barrow includes a mound 42m long and a maximum of 23m wide, aligned WSW-ENE. The mound is 2m high at its uphill (easterly) end, rising to over 2.5m high at the downslope end. The mound has a central disturbance c.5m in diameter and 0.7m deep, from which excavated material has been tipped down its southern flank. Although this disturbance may be the result of an antiquarian excavation there are no records of the barrow having been investigated. The mound is flanked by clearly defined ditches, a maximum of 6m wide and 1m deep from which material for its construction was quarried. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: ST 94250 24199

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015701 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Jan-2018 at 04:32:50.

End of official listing