Two round barrows 810m NNW of Beak Hills

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015801

Date first listed: 15-Apr-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two round barrows 810m NNW of Beak Hills
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: Bilsdale Midcable

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 54532 03246

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

These two barrows survive well and retain significant information about their original form, burials placed within them and evidence of earlier land use beneath the mounds will be preserved. Together with other barrows in the area barrows they are thought to also represent territorial markers. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the north and central areas of the North York Moors, providing important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two round barrows one lying 40m north east of the other situated in a prominent position on the north of the Hambleton Hills. Also included is the archaeologically sensitive area between the barrows where flat graves are likely to survive. The barrows each have an earth and stone mound which is round in shape. The south west mound is 10m in diameter and 0.5m high and the north east mound is 14m in diameter and 0.9m high. Each of the mounds was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork. There are other similar barrows on this area of the Hambleton Hills. Many of these lie in closely associated groups, particularly along the watersheds. They provide evidence of territorial organisation marking divisions of land; divisions which still remain as some parish or township boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29513

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A, 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1992), 98-122

End of official listing