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Round cairn at Heddon Laws Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn at Heddon Laws Farm

List entry Number: 1015846

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Heddon-on-the-Wall

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Jul-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Apr-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25188

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite of the fact that the cairn at Heddon Laws was partly excavated during the 1920s, it is reasonably well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Bronze Age round cairn situated on the top of a natural hillock. The cairn, visible as a large mound of stone and earth, measures 25m in diameter and stands to a maximum height of 2.6m. The cairn was investigated by limited excavation in 1925 revealing the remains of what is thought to be stone walling 0.8m high within the cairn, and in addition several flint flakes were recovered. Documents refer to the cairn as the site of a beacon in 1549, one of a line of such beacon steads used as signalling devices during the border warfare of the Middle Ages. The site of the cairn is also referred to as the location of encampments in 1341 and 1643-4. The small brick building which has been constructed on the south west part of the mound and all fences which cross the monument are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
NZ 16 NW 26,

National Grid Reference: NZ 14051 69345

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015846 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 12:59:07.

End of official listing